The Rise of New Nationalisms in Europe

Dr. Luís Eduardo Saraiva

Is the rising of new nationalisms and populist parties in Europe a reaction to the project of integrating all the member-states in a common entity, where the idea of Nation will fade away?
The main object of this paper is the relationship between the European project and the nation state crisis in Europe. Therefore, the processes of nation-state construction are analysed, focusing on those that have failed or will tend to fail. It also seeks to explain why several political entities that are ethnically, culturally and socially homogeneous cannot become viable as a state, as is the case with some examples in Europe.
Thus, on the one hand, it offers clues to the relationship between the development of the European integration project and the fading of the concept of nation-state, which is taking place within Europe. On the other hand, it argues that there is a relationship between this European project and the rise of new nationalisms and the rise of political populism.
The methodological approach will be based on the analysis of the recent authors that have been discussing the concept of nation and nationality, and the study of the phenomena of the rise of new nationalisms and populist parties in Europe. The discourse analysis methodology will be used to ascertain if the leaders of the populist parties are using the fear of the disappearance of a nation to fight the European project.