According to Satow, diplomacy “is the application of intelligence and tact to the conduct of official relations between the governments of independent states, extending sometimes also to their relations with vassal States; or, more briefly still, the conduct of business between states by peaceful means” (1979 , p. 1). A definition which corresponds well to the world situation after the 19th century, when the Westphalian States of Europe governed international relations, and after, when the European preponderance has weakened, and an euro-Atlantic axis was imposed. Since then, the States have, gradually, lost their position as a key player. Indeed, institutions and international and supranational organisations have taken more and more weight and the world is no longer only centred on the power of the Member States, but on a dense network of interdependence.
Hence, new actors appeared in the international system, and, in particular, non-State actors. Now, the field of diplomacy is diverse: diplomatic activities concern not only States, and, inside each State, not only the official diplomatic personnel. Practices and objectives that can be qualified as diplomatic are now installed within multinational organisations, businesses, of Parliaments, etc.
The singular diplomacies were not taken by surprise. It was diplomacy of the possible, the time, a long time scale or, at least, a time calibrated in decades, of a reality built by an articulation between information, negotiation, representation, coordination, and anticipation without rash reaction or comment, an affair of professionals who were trying to overcome impressions, feelings, and prejudices.
In the logic of globalisation, everything is or becomes diplomacy, the diplomacy is scalable, dynamic: economic, cultural, climatic, touristic, sports, spatial, culinary, research, religious, digital, health, etc. In August 2014, the 23rd Conference of Ambassadors of France, in Paris, was held on the theme “France’s external action: a global diplomacy”.
A global diplomacy because the Ambassadors are competent for all aspects? Or because they have to rely on other actors? But if, for the historical and regular actors, everything is diplomacy, then the consistency is difficult to construct. This plural diplomacy (Cornago, 2013) would then be fragmented, diluted, but perhaps especially, should deal with other forms of diplomacy, also plural.
Hence, the aim of this international conference is to present the developments of the various forms of diplomacy: new forms of regalian diplomacy, State or supranational diplomacy (diplomacy 2.0), new actors, new fields of the diplomatic action, and new practices (business, parliaments, etc.).
This call for contribution presents only a few examples of new forms of diplomacy: parliamentary, economic, strategic, business or sports, but the conference is open to all forms of diplomacy.
Proposal for papers
Conference languages Presentation: English, French
Contributions: English, French
The proposals for papers (title, summary of the proposal – 150 words – 4-6 keywords, personal presentation of authors) should be sent before September, 25th, 2017, to both:
The selected papers should be sent before December 18th, 2017 (20 to 40,000 characters). A publication will be then realised.
- Julien Arnoult, CERSA
- Mourad Attarça, ISM, Larequoi, UVSQ
- Elise Bernard, Europanova
- Hervé Chomienne, ISM, Larequoi, UVSQ
- Thierry Côme, Université de Reims-Champagne-Ardenne
- Antoniy Galabov, Nouvelle université bulgare, Sofia
- Radovan Gura, UMB
- Jana Marasova, UMB
- Gabriela Carmen Pascariu, Université de Iasi
- Stela Raytcheva, ISM, Larequoi, UVSQ
- Gilles Rouet, ISM, Larequoi, UVSQ
- Maria Rostekova, UMB
- Philippe Very, EDHEC