RC35 Technology and Development Panels

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Panel 1 : Protectionism a threat to sustainable world order? (The context within and beyond borders)

Chair: Dr. Sheila Rai

Co-chair: Dr. Renu Bhagat

Discussants: Dr. Preeti Sharma, Dr. Bhanwari Sharma

Session: RC35 Technology and Development

In International Relations the hitherto prevailing theory, for the past few decades had been the pursuance and establishment of a global order or world system with the component zones, states receding to make possible the structures and processes necessary for the larger world or international system. But what we are witnessing today is Brexit, China’s OBOR initiative, America’s exit from the Paris Climate Agreement, etc., which more than indicates that international politics is undergoing tremendous change. This, if nothing more, definitely reiterates the main tenet of international politics-- there are no permanent allies, there are only permanent interests. There is no doubt that nations pursue national interests, at any cost, but should they be pursued at the cost of international peace and security, integration and development? Should borders and margins define limits and sovereignty or should they defy human rights and humanity? Should boundaries project state system or should they promote protectionism?

We seek papers which would address the shifting priorities of the actors in the world system and examine the subsequent changes thereof-- within and beyond borders.

Panel 2: Contemporary Development: Progress towards Humanism or Hedonism?

Chair: Dr. Rekha Bhushan

Co-chair: Prof. Miguel Rocha de Sousa

Discussants: Dr. Radha Kumari

Session: RC35 Technology and Development

We seek papers for this panel which would delve into questions and issues which would reveal whether the world is progressing towards humanism or is it receding towards hedonism? Needless to mention, development and technological knowledge have been stupendous achievements of the human race. It took us centuries to reach the level of development we encounter today, however the sustainability of this development is apparently getting jeopardized due to self-centric and atomistic thinking rather than adopting responsible ways of living and let live. Humanity knows no boundaries. This is what Global Village symbolizes. Villages thrive on community life and brotherhood. Thus some papers could investigate the alternative peaceful ways of reaching this bonhomie.

Panel 3: International Migration: Impact on Economic and Human Security

Chair: Prof. Vijay Vir Singh

Co-chair: Dr. Roopinder Oberoi

Discussants: Mrs. Anju Gupta, Mr. Yashwardhan Singh

Session: RC35 Technology and Development

The UK election analysis clearly reveals that many Brexit supporters want to turn away from open borders and markets to protect themselves. Various EU member states uphold high individual standards regarding reporting and registry obligations for migrating workforce. This impact the labor migration towards Europe, US and other developed countries on the trade of goods and services, more so from the developing countries to developed countries. How it will affect the world economy, and human security are the questions to be addressed in this panel, with special emphasis on Indian, Chinese and other Asian economies.

On account of growing terrorist activities and tensions across the border, there is an increase in the flow of immigrants and displaced people from different parts of the world towards developed countries, especially from middle-east to European countries. This panel seeks to assess the socio-economic and human security implications of the movement of immigrants to the country at the receiving end. Will it create more tensions among developed and disturbed nations and its implication on world peace need to be answered? We seek papers which assess the impact of government policies on immigrants, refugees and migrants and their countries of origin. Other papers could explore the impact of growing terrorist activities on the developing and developed economies. There is a need to study the political, social and economic implication of rising terrorism. How it has contributed to the shift towards protectionism and whether this will lead to the rise of dictatorial powers or a polarized world are few questions which need to be addressed.

Panel 4: Globalization and Sustainable Development: Quest for a New Paradigm

Chair: Prof. Dhirendra Vajpeyi

Co-chair: Prof. Funing Zhong

Discussants: Dr. Snehil Kacker

Session: RC35 Technology and Development

The globalization model remained unchallenged for about three decades. Unfortunately, the intellectual climate of globalization almost eroded our collective sense of exploring alternative models and possibilities. This urge for reassessment and the onus of rethinking development can be witnessed in the United Nation’s 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Emphasis on ‘development which is sustainable’ i.e., that which meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own is the critical necessity in today’s world. The morbid consequences of exploiting the Earth’s natural capital wastefully with its concomitants of climate change and distorted and exclusive growth patterns are reasons enough for the world order to bear the onus of rethinking development. It is crucial that the long list of technologies and technical systems be re-examined from a holistic perspective. Those found incompatible with 'sustainability' and diversity on the planet need to be modified if not wholly abandoned. The need to replace the present ‘dis-order’ by an aesthetic order at this juncture of our development journey is crucial. A social order marked by interdependent, environment friendly lifestyle, based on wisdom of restraint and above all a people-oriented decentralized socio-economic political system, as an alternative model, needs to be explored and interpreted in terms of contemporary relevance for sanity and sustainability to prevail. It is imperative that we explore and renew our relationship with timeless values and principles which hold the key to future survival. This panel seeks papers which would address and discuss the development paths hitherto adopted and those to be pursued for sustainable development.

Panel 5:  Climate Change Impact across Frozen Frontiers: the Polar Scenario

Chair: Prof. Manoj Pandit

Co-chair: Mr. Arunoday Bajpai

Discussants: Dr. Preeti Sharma, Mr. Yashwardhan Singh

The ice covered Arctic and Antarctic are the regions of the Earth where territorial boundaries fuse or do not exist. Antarctic is declared as world’s scientific heritage, with no political, military or administrative control of any country or countries. As envisioned in the ‘Antarctic Treaty’, it is the place for scientific research with utmost environmental concerns and the most stringent environmental practices. Antarctic has an average ice cover of 1.75 km over land while Arctic represents permanently frozen ocean. The two poles provide a balance in maintaining Earth’s temperature budget by buffering against the hottest equatorial part. Despite their extremely harsh climatic conditions they have one of the most sensitive eco-systems, therefore, vulnerable to the effects of climate change and global warming. The impacts are more dramatic in these regions as seen in shrinking ice caps and glaciers, loss of ice sheets and permfrost in Arctic and breaking off of large chunks of ice sheets in Antarctic. Melting of ice will reduce Earth’s albedo, thus more heat absorption, further accelerating the warming process.

Notwithstanding the debate whether temperature rise is a natural phenomenon or an anthropogenic problem resulting from population rise, industrialization and urbanization, energy and natural resource consumption, changing land-use patterns, etc., the ‘global warming’ would adversely affect all aspects of on human life. The feared implications include sea level rise and submergence of coastal cities, extreme weather fluctuations, more frequent cyclonic storms, hotter summers, flooding and droughts, etc. Changes at the Poles have global-scale implications such as changes in the salinity of oceans, and altered feedback loops besides sea-level rise. Changes in oceanic water current patterns and lengthening of summer have already affected several Polar wild life species.

The last three decades have been the warmest of the last 1400 years. The trend needs to be arrested through a comprehensive strategy of risk reduction involving adaptation, mitigation and sustainable development. Interdisciplinary research papers are invited on above topics, and the global efforts being made to influence policymakers, scientists and other stakeholders.

Panel 6: Global Governance: New Challenges and Dilemmas

Chair: Dr. Ouyang Kang

Co-chair: Dr. Sanghamitra Patnaik

Discussants: Prof. Vijay Vir Singh, Ms. Boola Choudhary

Global governance is one of the results and also the condition of globalization. In the contemporary world, with the opening of new markets in emerging economies such as China, India, South Africa, Brazil etc. pose new challenges in managing these markets and consumer behavior. New patterns of governance -- accountability, the relationship between multinational corporations (MNC) and the sovereign state, issues related to transparency, human rights, role of technology, the NGOs, social justice etc. cannot be explained in an old Weberian framework. New and bold vision is required.

Research papers are invited to address these crucial issues ("For forms of government let fools contest, whatever is best administered is best") with comparative, and thematic perspective. Presenters are encouraged to analyze the role of NGOs, the UN. , WTO, IMF, and other international and regional agencies.