Montréal 2014 - Sommaire
Veuillez trouver ci-dessous, en anglais, le sommaire du Congrès mondial de science politique, qui s'est déroulé à Montréal du 19 au 24 juillet 2014.
L'AISP désire également remercier les participants, de même que ses partenaires et commanditaires (Ministère des Relations internationales et de la Francophonie, Université Concordia, American Political Science Association, Fonds de recherche du Québec-Société et Culture, Turkish Airlines et l'ambassade turque) pour leur collaboration au succès de cet événement!
DAY 1 RECAP
The 23rd World Congress of Political Science is officially open!
Michael Dukakis on International Security Policy
Numerous interesting sessions and events took place, most notably Michael Dukakis plenary on International Security Policy. For the occasion, the plenary room was packed and Governor Dukakis delivered an internationalist perspective on international relations, especially on the topic of interstates security. Governor Dukakis addressed the current challenges the United States face in their historic role as leader of the world, with difficult relationships with some Asian/Pacific countries, as well as Russia.
He believes the United States must play a role on the international level, but a different one, in setting an example by accepting the expertise and the competence of international institutions. Keeping the existing institutions, continuing the process of eliminating nuclear weapons, stopping global warfare, and focusing on the new challenges such as regulating the immigration, the healthcare system and global warming are the key points to achieve a quiet international climate. Governor Dukakis believes the institutions must be charged of managing specific topics in order to create a more peaceful international environment. Keeping the existing institutions, continuing the process of eliminating nuclear weapons, stopping global warfare, and focusing on the new challenges such as regulating the immigration, the healthcare system and global warming.
2000 participants attended the Opening Ceremony, followed by a cocktail reception. IPSA current president, Helen V. Milner, Program Committee Chair, Vincent Hoffmann-Martinot, IPSA Secretary-General, Guy Lachapelle, as well as the Chief Scientist of Quebec, Rémi Quirion, all welcomed the guests in their opening speeches. Participants were then offered an exquisite performance from the Cirque du Soleil, one of Quebec’s well-knowned institutions in the world.
- The connection between political finance and political corruption was tackled during the “Money, Corruption and Political Competition” session
- The discussion on the Shiite-Sunni Conflict in the Islamic World raised the question of what really is an Islamic state, and the difference between secularism and sectarism
- What is it like being a woman in academics? A paradoxal situation when there are more female students but not more female professors nor administrators
- The ambiguity in the Constitution on the status of courts is giving place to interpretation, especially on the nomination process
- The relationship between diversity and trust within a given population towards their immigrants was discussed during the “Accommodating Immigrants: Examining Local and National Governance Responses in the Era of Global Immigration” session
DAY 2 RECAP
Plenary Session – Challenges of Contemporary Governance: Rediscovering the Craft of Public Administration – Rod Rhodes
Rod Rhodes, one of the leading experts in the field of governance studies, discussed the mechanisms and the process of public politics formulation. He mainly stated that public reforms are often put together too fast and are under evaluated. The most common reflex is to criticize them without really letting them enough time to prove their efficiency. He also believes that public management is the result of punctual desires and interests of ministries, who are too focused on action and decision-making rather then “keeping things going”.
Special Session – Is there a future for Belgium after 2014?
On Belgium’s National Day, a panel composed of Ruth Dassonneville, Kris Deschouwer, Pierre Verjans, Emilie Van Haute and Regis Dandoy questioned the future of Belgium and the difficulties that arise from its lack of government. They said that Belgium was built on dissension, and they reiterate the need for all groups to be represented in the government. They call into question the federal model, which might not be the best to reconciliate all parties. They believe that a volatile electorate is a positive thing, and that it shows a more healthy democracy.
Moscow 1979 – the 11th IPSA World Congress
Kenneth Janda, Mikhail Ilyin and John Trent reminisced about the 11th World Congress of Political Science, who influenced greatly Gobartchev’s future policies. In a letter that he previously sent to Secretary General Guy Lachapelle, Mr Gobatchev said he was greatly influenced by the Moscow congress in the formulation of perestroika and glasnost. The participants also mentioned that the idea of holding the World Congress in Moscow at that time helped bring legitimacy to the Soviet Union, as well as to political science. The 11th World Congress was also the first with Israelis and South Korean attendees. For Kenneth Janda, the event gave a “tip to the dark side”, and Mikhail Ilyin said that it “everything started from this small step”.
Juan Linz – The Man and his Legacy
In this tribute special session that consisted of José Ramon Montero, Dirk Berg-Schlosser, Houchang E. Chebabi, Leonardo Morlino, Francisco Llera and Yossi Shain, the participants came back on the legacy of Juan Linz, and mostly on his leap into empirical analysis. They reminisced his ability to differentiate between types of regimes, as well as his expertise mostly focused on Southern Europe. Former students and colleagues spoke about their experience with Juan Linz, sometimes in difficult periods for women studying in politics.
Angelin Chang Concert celebrating the 38 years of RC18 – Asian and Pacific Studies
At the end of the day, participants and attendees were invited to a special concert by GRAMMY® Winning pianist Angelin Chang, also chair of RC18 on Asian Pacific Studies. She proposed a recital with a repertoire from Bach to Chopin, with special pieces by Shubert and Debussy. The room was full and guests seemed impressed by her talent and her generosity
DAY 3 RECAP
Council Meeting – Election of the President
OnTuesday morning, Prof. Aiji Tanaka was unanimously elected as new President of IPSA, succeeding to Prof. Helen V. Milner. Prof. Aiji Tanaka is Senior Executive Director for Academic Affairs at Waseda University (Tokyo). Prof. Tanaka's expertises are mainly voting behavior and public opinion, and Japanese politics. IPSA is proud to count Prof. Tanaka as its newly elected president and wish him the best in his new functions.
Award Session – Global South Award
Dr. Sunil Kumar, this year’s recipient of the Global South Award, gave a lecture on electoral democracy and political demography during the last Indian elections, surrounded by representatives from the Indian Political Science Association. With his impressive curriculum, having been granted a fellowship from Oxford University and Tel-Aviv University, Prof. Kumar gave an enlightening presentation on the new political situation in India, with citizens rising their voices and asking for accountability, transparency and governance.
Past President Helen V. Milner chaired a plenary entitled “Globalization and Domestic Political Change”. The four participants, Amaney Jamal, Edward Mansfield, Nita Rudra and Lourdes Sola, addressed the question of how globalization is leading to changes in domestic politics around the world (Middle East and Northern Africa/United States/India/South America). It explores different aspects of domestic politics and how they are affected by rising trade and foreign investment. Prof. Milner explained that developing countries are now reaching 50% of the global economy, but that gaps are still important in terms of poverty and employment. Participants also tackled the reasons why some countries are not taking advantage of globalization, may it be because of the lack of foreign investments, conflicts and the absence of a manufacturing sector (Middle East), or the fear that globalization and outsourcing will create job losses (United States). Three questions were brought up: will democracies persist in a globalized world? What type of leadership should we expected, and who should be exercising it? And will global governance reforms itself or disappear?
- The rise of new technologies by civil society brought some questions about the use of private data, the control of access to information and “political technology” in the panel” Emerging Technologies and Civil Society”
- Experts questioned the use of shale gas and mentioned that the shale gas lobby is now deeply influencing the political actors, and that local governments hold the last word on their “resource management” because it touches directly their constituency
- Canadian, European and Quebec's research funding programs were presented over the session 'Funding Opportunities for Political Scientists', which attracted attention from academics, as well as doctorate candidates.
DAY 4 RECAP
Plenary – Carwyn Jones, First minister of Wales
On Wednesday morning, First minister of Wales Carwyn Jones, discussed the issues surrounding the Scottish referendum for its independence and the future of the United Kingdom. He reminded the crowd present that there is no functional federalism in the UK that he describes as implying a “balance of powers”, mostly because the states are subjects to Westminster decisions and are not demographically and geographically alike. First minister Jones believes that UK should not forget about federalism, and that three key principles must be kept in mind within the constitutional debate: the respect for devoted legislature; the parity of structures; the evolution of the executive and legislative competences. He brought up some questions if the independence of Scotland is to happen, some of them mostly logistical (what will be the new flag? What will the rest of the country be called?), others institutional and constitutional.
Award Session – Karl Deutsch Award
Prof. Pippa Norris, this year’s recipient of the Karl Deutsch Award, gave a lecture in front of a packed room on ‘When do elections fail and whydoes this matter?’ Within her research program, The Electoral Integrity Project, Pippa Norris explores why some elections are considered as failures (Thailand, Ukraine, and Afghanistan), and brought up some criteria who defies a failed or a successful election such as legitimacy and electoral integrity (feeling of political legitimacy – voting participation, peaceful demonstrations, violent protests, international norms).
Special Session – The MOOCs Challenge for Political Science
IPSA 2.0 is on its way! In collaboration with the IPSA Portal, managed by Mauro Calise at University of Naples – Federica II, massive open online courses (MOOCs) were launched on Wednesday following in the footsteps of major institution such as Princeton and London School of Economics. The main purpose of IPSA’s MOOCs is providing courses aimed towards Global South students and professors, in French, English and possibly Spanish, and to teach basics concepts of political science. Werner Patzelt, Giliberto Capano, Helen Milner and Guy Lachapelle discussed the future of online courses, and where IPSA should stand on this specific matter.
Session speciale – Vivr(e) l’humour politique
Est-ce que l’humour peut être politique? C’est la question à laquelle Christian Vanasse, Michel Garneau (Garnotte), Fred Dubé et Nabila ben Youssef ont tenté de répondre lors de cette session animée par Emmanuel Choquette. Tous ont répondu que l’humour est toujours politique, et que même discuter des rapports hommes-femmes, sous-entendent parfois des concepts patriarcaux. Ils ont estimé que leur rôle en tant qu’humoristes était de dénoncer, et parfois d’éduquer les gens sur des enjeux politiques auxquels ils ne se seraient pas intéressés auparavant. Christian Vanasse a d’ailleurs mentionné qu’il faisait de l’humour pour les militants, et que grâce è l’humour politique, il se sentait un peu moins colérique et plus « humain ». Ils ont toutefois souligné que l’humour politique est une responsabilité à double-tranchant, nécessitant de la nuance, de la recherche et du dosage. Michel Garneau a souligné qu’une distance physique et temporelle est parfois nécessaire avant de pouvoir rire d’un événement ou d’une situation tragique, tout en ajoutant qu’en humour, il ne faut pas avoir de tabou. La session suscita un intérêt important de la communauté médiatique, et fût organisé en collaboration avec l’École nationale de l’humour.
Eileen Jerrett presented her documentary, Blueberry Soup, about the Icelandic “people’s movement” following the financial crisis in 2008, where the people ask for more accountability from their leaders and their bankers. A philosophical and artistic documentary on how democracy “does not need strong leaders, but rather strong people who can think for themselves”. A Q&A session followed with the director, where the audience was invited to give their impressions and comments on the screening.
DAY 5 RECAP
Session spéciale – Jean Laponce et la science politique internationale
Lors de la dernière journée du congrès, une session spéciale a été dédiée à l’héritage de Jean Laponce et à l’apport de ses travaux sur la science politique internationale. Les intervenants présents ont souligné la carrière impressionnante de M. Laponce, ancient président de l’AISP de 1973 à 1976. Ils ont notamment soulevé que c’est de lui dont vient l’idée de mettre sur pied un journal pour l’AISP, et qu’il n’hésitait pas à intégrer d’autres disciplines dans ses recherches, notamment la géopolitique, au travers de ses champs d’expertise (partis politiques et référendums, éudes des politiques linguistiques etc.) Tel qu’ajouté par John E. Trent, “nothing was sacred for Jean Laponce”, et avec plus de 16 ouvrages et 140 articles, l’implication de Jean Laponce dans l’AISP et dans le domaine de la science politique en général en fait un acteur majeur dont la carrière se devait d’être célébrée.
Special Session – Political Science: Current Performance and Future Strengths
“Why do we study political science if you disdain politician?” This large question was tackled in this special session who aimed to discuss the state of political science by raising three topical issues: 1) its actual strength; 2) its relevance to society and politics; and 3) the impact of current politics on the discipline. The participants noticed that political science was mostly americanocentric, in opposition to a Europe-based community. They each gave a regional perspective on what political science represents, may it be in Russia, Australia or South Africa. They brought up the split between a more quantitative political science (USA) versus a more qualitative study of political science (Australia, per example), and noticed that an effort must be made to de-americanized political science in order to be relevant in the rest of the world. They also suggested that specialization should not lead to hermetic boundaries, and that in order for political science to stay relevant, we must try to avoid intellectual snobism.
Closing Ceremony – 23rd Congress of Political Science
The 23rd Congress of Political Science came to an end, and Past President Helen V. Milner, newly elected President, Aija Tanaka, Secretary General Guy Lachapelle and Chair of the Program Committee, Vincent Hoffmann-Martinot, all delivered speeches concluding this edition of the World Congress. Theresa Sasinska-Klas, as Chair of the Committee on Prizes and Awards (COPA) recognized the prizes that were awarded during this year’s edition (Global South, Juan Linz, Wilma Rule, Stein Rokkan, Karl Deutsch). The Turkish ambassador also presented a speech, inviting the fellow participants to the next edition, who will be held in Istanbul in 2016. Chair of the Local Organizing Committee in Istanbul, Fusun Turkmen, was given the official flag of IPSA from former Montreal LOC Chair Stéphane Paquin, closing therefore officially the 23rd World Congress of Political Science.